Dehydrated or Dry Skin?
Dehydrated Skin :- At this time of year, many people complain that the skin is “dry”. Although in some cases this even tends to be oily. And if on the one hand there are those who actually have this type of skin. They usually suffer from excess fat just seeing their skin type change within a season . So many times this so called “dry skin” is Rather a “dehydrated skin.”
In both cases, the signals may appear as:
Opaque and rough skin,
Tingling and / or muscle contractions,
Lines dehydration, as if the small wrinkles, which disappear with the application of a moisturizer.
And although these problems can appear on both dry skin and dehydrated skin, to a greater or lesser severity. It is not a fundamental characteristic that distinguishes them, and makes the resolution of each of these problems is different.
Why is water important for dehydrated skin?
Water constitutes approximately 70% of the skin, in its entirety, and is present in 30% of the epidermis composition, its outermost layer.
The epidermis is a layer of very compact cells. Along with other functions, and is responsible for preventing water from evaporating. Thanks to the reduced space between these cells and the hydrolipidic film. This film, which is constituted by the natural moisturizing factor (NMF). The sebum and lipids secreted by corneocytes fills the space between these cells and acts as a barrier between the outer skin.
In situations of dehydration, as the concentration of water in the skin decreases, loses volume and elasticity, becomes opaque, and is no longer able to maintain all its functions in its entirety.
Secura vs dehydration
The skin is said to be dry, when the amount of sebum produced is greatly reduced. On dry skin, it is mainly the lack of fat to the surface of the skin that causes the symptoms of dehydration.
The lack of sebum to the surface of the skin also facilitates entry and irritating microorganisms, and can make the skin more sensitive and susceptible to inflammation or even infection.
Since dehydrated skin is characterized by having only a low water content. Symptoms of dehydration can be exactly the same that appears on dry skin, but in this case there is no shortage of sebum and may even be signs of excess fat such as shiny complexion, presence of blackheads, white spots or even bubbles .
What can cause or exacerbate these problems?
In most cases, dehydration can be easily reversed using appropriate cosmetics. This problem is manifested or aggravated in the presence of some factors that might cause dehydrated skin:
Climate changes that increase the evaporation of water through the skin, such as wind, excessive exposure to the sun or travel to drier climates. Places with heating or air conditioning, which makes the air drier, such as airplanes, air-conditioned or local malls. Changes in the chemical composition of the hydrolipidic film, which makes it less able to retain water in the skin.
The use of unsuitable products, such as abrasive cleansers or even too hot water, exfoliants, strong acid tonics containing large amounts of alcohol, cosmetics containing irritating ingredients, etc. Removal of the hair or beard, dragging and removing some of the upper layers of the skin, and also water and hydrolipid film
Usually dehydrated skin is a skin type, not a temporary situation, which may be due to the genetic predisposition of some people, being more common as we age. It can also be a reversible situation in case of illness or if you are taking medication (retinoids, contraceptive pills, antiandrogens, etc.).
This questionnaire can help you find out if you have dry skin, and the specific care for this type of skin has already been covered in this series of publications.
How to solve?
First, you should avoid products that improve this problem such as too-bright cleaning products (such as soap). High alcohol content or aggressive treatment products on sensitive skin or dehydration during peaks. During colder seasons or when it is necessary to go to places where the air is drier, dehydration can be prevented by using products that retain water on the skin for longer.
Of the many brands present in the market, there are already several that have specific ranges for the treatment of dehydration problems of dry skin the most amount of oil. These products are called:
Rich when intended for dry skin with symptoms of dehydration. Usually, the cream
Light / soft when intended for mixed skin or pimples
They generally contain high concentrations of moisturizing ingredients, such as glycerin, urea, or hyaluronic acid, and occlusive ingredients such as vegetable oils, butter, and silicones and lipids similar to those produced by the skin.
For times of dehydration, where the skin is particularly uncomfortable. There are also moisturizing masks that can be applied for a few minutes or even overnight and quickly restore the comfort of the skin and prevent dehydrated skin. Also in this case you can find solutions for mixed or oily skin.
In case you have dry skin it is even more important to avoid the aforementioned products, and contribute to worsening dryness symptoms.
Subsequently, since in most cases this is a permanent problem, it is necessary to take care of products of daily use suitable for this type of skin, which is usually described as:
These products contain a high proportion of moisturizing ingredients. However they differ only for dehydrated cosmetic skin by being especially rich in emollients and occlusive ingredients. These ingredients replace the amount of fat that must be present in the skin. For this reason, these cosmetics normally present in the cream and its texture is creamier. It is also the easy way to avoid dehydrated skin.