Higher incidence of gestational diabetes in women undergoing IVF treatment.
Although numerous studies have proved that there is no higher incidence of fetal/neonatal abnormalities in children conceived via in vitro fertilization (IVF), there are suggestions that women who conceive via IVF are more at risk of developing pregnancy complications.
IVF, a type of assisted reproductive technology (ART) has been a highly successful treatment of infertility. Developed over the last four decades it has been partly responsible along with other ART’s for 1% of the births in the United States. However with the rapid development in the field there has been the rising concern of the effects that ART has on both mother and baby.
A study completed in 2004 shows that in women who conceived via IVF, had a higher incidence of gestational diabetes and gestational hypertension.
Gestational diabetes is a type of diabetes that develops during pregnancy. Like type one and type two diabetes gestational diabetes affects how your cells store and use glucose, the fuel of your body. Often causing high blood sugar, gestational diabetes can cause complications for both mother and baby.
Is gestational diabetes a cause for concern? Understandably during pregnancy any slight complication can cause worry and concern. Management includes eating healthy, exercising and perhaps taking some diabetic medication as prescribed by a medical doctor. With good management gestational diabetes can be well controlled to keep both mother and baby healthy.
Gestational diabetes (GD) often last the duration of the pregnancy. However it has been proven that mothers are more likely of developing type 2 diabetes in the future if they suffer from gestational diabetes during pregnancy. Therefore mothers should be educated on the signs and symptoms of diabetes as well of the importance of keeping appointments with their medical doctor to monitor their glucose levels. Especially in the first five year after giving birth, as, according to a systematic review completed in 2002 by the Diabetes Care Journal, this is the time when women are mostly likely to develop the type 2 diabetes.
The study suggests that after 10 years a plateau is reached. The review also suggests that women who have suffered from GD should practice preventative measures post pregnancy, such as increased physical activity, eating a healthy diet and maintaining of a health body weight, to decrease their chances of developing type 2 diabetes post GD.